The Apple II, stylized as apple ][, was an early 8-bit personal computer produced by Apple Computer. It was introduced on April 16, 1977 at the first West Coast Computer Faire in San Francisco as the successor to the Apple I, but complete in a molded plastic case. It began shipping about two months later in June and found immediate success that led to an entire series of Apple II-related products.
Steve Wozniak personally designed the logic board of the Apple II and wrote the Integer BASIC interpreter that was included in the ROMs. Steve Jobs supervised the development of the case by Jerry Manock, while Rod Holt designed the switching power supply that generated less heat and avoided the use of a fan.
Steve Jobs led several attempts to develop a successor to the Apple II, such as the Apple III in May 1980, the Lisa in January 1983, and the Macintosh in January 1984, of which only the latter succeeded in marketplace. A few months later in April 1984, John Sculley, Jobs, and Wozniak presided over an "Apple II Forever" event in San Francisco, where the Apple IIc was launched, continuing the product line for a few more years.
- Why didn't the early Apple II's use Fans? by Steve Wozniak, Woz.org. Archived 2012-11-04.
- Where Are The People From This Iconic Photo Of The Original Mac Team Today? by Jay Yarow, Business Insider. 2012-20-26.
- Rare photos of 'Apple II Forever' media event surface, reveal Apple keynote progenitor by Mikey Campbell, AppleInsider. 2017-03-23.
- Apple II at Apple II History (archived 2009-08-03)
- Apple II at the Apple Museum by MacKiDo
- The Apple II at the Computer History Museum
- Hardware: Apple II (German) at The Dot Eaters (archived 2013-07-04)
- Apple II at History-Computer
- Apple II at Old Computers
- Apple II Personal Computer at the Smithsonian
- A2Central Your total source for Apple II computing.
- Apple II at Wikimedia Commons
- Apple II at Wikipedia