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Apple Wiki

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a subfield of computer science concerned with the concepts and methods of symbolic inference by computer and symbolic knowledge representation and reasoning for use in making such inferences.


AI is seen as an attempt to model aspects of human thought on computers. It is also sometimes defined as trying to solve any problem that a human can solve, but more quickly with a computer. The term is often used as a selling point, like describing programming that drives the behavior of computer characters in a game. However, this may be no more intelligent than "Kill any humans you see; keep walking; avoid solid objects; duck if a human with a gun can see you".[1]


The term was coined by late Stanford University professor John McCarthy, a leading AI researcher while at Dartmouth College in 1955. The field can be traced back to the Turing test, a set of criteria defined in 1950 by Alan Turing to evaluate a machine's ability to behave like a human.[2]

Examples of early AI problems included computer vision (building a system that can understand images as well as a human) and natural language processing (building a system that can understand and speak a human language as well as a human). In 1993, these modular challenges foundered on the sheer amount of context information required for such "intelligence".[1] This eventually became practical on consumer devices as more powerful mobile processors made machine learning possible through artificial neural networks.[3][4]

Apple and AI[]

It has been reported in March 2023 that Apple is internally working on natural-language generation AI technology for its Siri virtual assistant in its iOS 16.4 update. This was fuelled by the rise of ChatGPT and other generative AI models.[5][6]

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