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Apple Industrial Designers Robert Brunner and Jerry Manock

Jerrold Clifford Manock (born February 21, 1944) is the first industrial designer at Apple Computer, who designed the external case of the original Apple II and Macintosh 128K computers.


Manock attended Stanford University, where he earned his B.S. in Mechanical Engineering in 1966, and his M.S. in Mechanical Engineering–Product Design in 1968. For his master's project, he worked on a device to aid in percussion-drainage therapy for children with cystic fibrosis.[1]


From 1968 to 1972 Manock worked as a product design engineer in the Microwave Division of Hewlett-Packard in Palo Alto, California. From 1972 to 1975 he was chief mechanical engineer at Telesensory Systems of Palo Alto. He then worked as a freelance product design consultant.[1]

Apple II

An Apple II computer


The Macintosh 128K

In 1977, Manock took on Apple Computer as a client and consulted on the product design and mechanical engineering of the Apple II personal computer,[1] for which he was paid $1,800.[2] In 1979, Manock joined Apple as corporate manager of product design, working on the Disk II, Apple III, Lisa, and early compact Macs.[1] Manock conceived of the idea of using icons instead of English text to identify ports on the exterior case to make the Macintosh more international.[3]

After leaving Apple, Manock became a professor at the University Of Vermont and is the President & Principal Designer of Manock Comprehensive Design, based in Burlington, Vermont.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Jerrold C. Manock. Manock Comprehensive Design, Inc.. Retrieved on 27 July 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Where Are The People From This Iconic Photo Of The Original Mac Team Today? by Jay Yarow, Business Insider. 2012-20-26.
  3. The Making of Macintosh: An Interview with the Macintosh Design Team pp. 9–10 (February 1984). Retrieved on 27 July 2011.

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