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OS X Server Icon

Current MacOS Server logo

Osxserver10cd

Mac OS X Server 1.0 Install disc

macOS Server, formerly Mac OS X Server and OS X Server, is the server edition of Mac OS X . It is based on the BSD-Unix operating system Apple Inc. acquired from NeXT Computer that formed the basis for AppleShare services provided server applications such as file and printer sharing and user management.

1999 Mac OS X Server 1.2v3 (Rhapsody)

1999 Mac OS X Server 1.2v3 (Rhapsody)

2001 Mac OS X Server 10.0.4 (Cheetah)

2001 Mac OS X Server 10.0.4 (Cheetah) NB: Reports as 10.0.3 after the 10.0.4 update is applied.

2001-2 Mac OS X 10.1.5 Server (Puma)

2001-2 Mac OS X 10.1.5 Server (Puma)

2002-3 Mac OS X 10.2.4 Server (Jaguar)

2002-3 Mac OS X 10.2.4 Server (Jaguar)

2003-5 Mac OS X 10.3.9 Server (Panther)

2003-5 Mac OS X 10.3.9 Server (Panther)

2005-7 Mac OS X 10.4.11 Server (Tiger) (Intel)

2005-7 Mac OS X 10.4.11 Server (Tiger) (Intel)

2007-9 Mac OS X 10.5.8 Server (Leopard) (Intel)

2007-9 Mac OS X 10.5.8 Server (Leopard) (Intel)

2009-11 Mac OS X 10.6.8 Server (Snow Leopard)

2009-11 Mac OS X 10.6.8 Server (Snow Leopard)

The first version of Mac OS X Server, released on March 16, 1999 and dubbed "1.0" was a hybrid of OPENSTEP from NeXT Computer and Mac OS 8.6. The GUI looked more like OPENSTEP did, with an emulation layer for running legacy Mac OS 8.6 based applications. WebObjects was included with the server package.

Beginning with version 10.0 of Mac OS X Server released May 21, 2001, the server version and the standard version are nearly identical. Mac OS X Server mainly adds server management software—web, mail, and user services. Most of OS X Server's services are based on standard BSD tools, e.g., the Apache web server; Mac OS X Server adds a GUI interface to these services. An exception, however, are User services, which are based on (NeXT's) NetInfo.

Version 10.3 (released August 2003) of OS X Server presented a mature, fully featured server environment. User and file management are provided via Open Directory, an LDAP compatible server architecture. The new Workgroup Manager interface improves configuration significantly. Many common network services are provided such as NTP, SNMP, Web Server, Mail Server, LDAP, AppleTalk, Print Server. The inclusion of SAMBA version 3 allows tight integration with Windows clients and servers. MySQL v4.0.16 and PHP v4.3.7 are also included.

Starting with version 10.7, OS X Server became available as a downloadable update to Mac OS X, adding extra server features lacking in the Client version of the OS.  This is mostly the configuration interface, as the back-end services mostly included in OS X proper.

It is important to note that each point release of Server is its own product. Unlike the client OS, a network needs to standardize on a single 1.x/10.x version of Server, as the different versions are not completely interoperable via the networked management interface.  This is especially the case after 10.7, where the computer requires the appropriate base 10.x installation before the Server package can be purchased and added to it.

List of OS X Server Versions

OS X Server 1 (Hera / Rhapsody)

  • OS X Server 1.0 (March 16, 1999)
  • OS X Server 1.0-1 (April 15, 1999)
  • OS X Server 1.0-2 (July 29, 1999)
  • OS X Server 1.1 - 1.1 is a mis-labelling but contains the same content as 1.0-2.  The next release was cranked to 1.2 to avoid confusion
  • OS X Server 1.2 (January 14, 2000)
  • OS X Server 1.2v3 (October 27, 2000) - Same as 1.2, but adds support for both the Gigabit Ethernet edition of the G4 and the first eMacs.

OS X Server 10.0 (Puma)

  • OS X Server 10.0.0 (May 21, 2001)
  • OS X Server 10.0.1
  • OS X Server 10.0.2
  • OS X Server 10.0.3
  • OS X Server 10.0.4 (July 3, 2001)

OS X Server 10.1 (Cheetah)

OS X Server 10.2 (Jaguar)

OS X Server 10.3 (Panther)

OS X Server 10.4 (Tiger)

OS X Server 10.5 (Leopard)

OS X Server 10.6 (Snow Leopard)

From 10.7 onward, Server updates are part of the Client update cycle.

OS X Server 10.7 (Lion)

  • Mac OS X Lion Server – 10.7 – also marketed as OS X Lion Server (2011-2012)

OS X Server 10.8 (Mountain Lion)

  • OS X Mountain Lion Server – 10.8 – also marketed as Mountain Lion Server 2.0-2.2.2 (2012-2013)

OS X Server 10.9 (Mavericks)

  • OS X Mavericks Server – 10.9 – also marketed as Mavericks Server 3.x (2013-2014)

OS X Server 10.10 (Yosemite)

  • OS X Yosemite Server – 10.10 – also marketed as Yosemite Server 4.x (2014-2015)

OS X Server 10.11 (El Capitan)

  • OS X 10.11 Server 5.0 – also marketed as OS X Server 5.0 (2015)
  • OS X 10.11 Server 5.1 – also marketed as OS X Server 5.1 (2016)

macOS Server 10.12 (Sierra)

  • macOS 10.12 Server 5.2 – also marketed as macOS Server 5.2 (2016)
  • macOS 10.12 Server 5.3 – also marketed as macOS Server 5.3 (2017)

macOS Server 10.13 (High Sierra)

  • macOS 10.13 Server 5.4 – also marketed as macOS Server 5.4 (2017)
  • macOS 10.13 Server 5.5 – also marketed as macOS Server 5.5 (2018)
  • macOS 10.13 Server 5.6 - also marketed as macOS Server 5.6 (2018)

From Server 5.7.1 onward, Open Source services are no longer provided with the Server app, but need to be installed from the original provider.

macOS Server 10.14 (Mojave)

  • macOS 10.14 Server 5.7 - also marketed as macOS Server 5.7 (2018)

A list of updates to Mac OS X Server

Mac OS X Server 1.X

Mac OS X Server 10.0

Mac OS X Server 10.1

Mac OS X Server 10.2

Mac OS X Server 10.3

Mac OS X Server 10.4

Mac OS X Server 10.5

Mac OS X Server 10.6

OS X Server 10.7

OS X Server 10.8 (Server 2)

OS X Server 10.9 (Server 3)

OS X Server 10.10 (Server 4)

OS X Server 10.11 (Server 5)

macOS Server 5

Sources and References

Wikipedia-logo-v2 This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).

External Links

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Mac OS X Versions OSX Poster
Mac OS X Server: Mac OS X Server
Preview Release: Mac OS X DP | Mac OS X DP 2 | Mac OS X DP 3 | Mac OS X DP 4
Public Beta: Mac OS X Public Beta
Mac OS X 10.0 (Cheetah): 10.0.0 | 10.0.1 | 10.0.2 | 10.0.3 | 10.0.4
Mac OS X 10.1 (Puma): 10.1.0 | 10.1.1 | 10.1.2 | 10.1.3 | 10.1.4 | 10.1.5
Mac OS X 10.2 (Jaguar): 10.2.0 | 10.2.1 | 10.2.2 | 10.2.3 | 10.2.4 | 10.2.5 | 10.2.6 | 10.2.7 | 10.2.8 (6R73) | 10.2.8 (G5)
Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther): 10.3.0 | 10.3.1 | 10.3.2 | 10.3.3 | 10.3.4 | 10.3.5 | 10.3.6 | 10.3.7 | 10.3.8 | 10.3.9
Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger): 10.4.0 | 10.4.1 | 10.4.2 | 10.4.3 | 10.4.4 | 10.4.5 | 10.4.6 | 10.4.7 | 10.4.8 | 10.4.9 | 10.4.10 | 10.4.11
Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard): 10.5.0 | 10.5.1 | 10.5.2 | 10.5.3 | 10.5.4 | 10.5.5 | 10.5.6 | 10.5.7 | 10.5.8
Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard): 10.6.0 | 10.6.1 | 10.6.2 | 10.6.3 | 10.6.4 | 10.6.5 | 10.6.6 | 10.6.7 | 10.6.8
Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion): 10.7.0 | 10.7.1 | 10.7.2 | 10.7.3 | 10.7.4 | 10.7.5
Mac OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion): 10.8 | 10.8.1 | 10.8.2 | 10.8.3 | 10.8.4 | 10.8.5
OS X 10.9 (Mavericks): 10.9 | 10.9.1 | 10.9.2 | 10.9.3 | 10.9.4 | 10.9.5
OS X 10.10 (Yosemite): 10.10.0 | 10.10.1 | 10.10.2 | 10.10.3 | 10.10.4 | 10.10.5
OS X 10.11 (El Capitan): 10.11.0 | 10.11.1 | 10.11.2 | 10.11.3 | 10.11.4 | 10.11.5 | 10.11.6
macOS 10.12 (Sierra): 10.12.0 | 10.12.1 | 10.12.2 | 10.12.3 | 10.12.4 | 10.12.5 | 10.12.6
macOS 10.13 (High Sierra): 10.13.0 | 10.13.1 | 10.13.2 | 10.13.3 | 10.13.4 | 10.13.5 | 10.13.6
macOS 10.14 (Mojave): 10.14.0 | 10.14.1 | 10.14.2 | 10.14.3 | 10.14.4 | 10.14.5 | 10.14.6
macOS 10.15 (Catalina): 10.15.0 | 10.15.1 | 10.15.2 | 10.15.3 |
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