Current MacOS Server logo

macOS Server, formerly Mac OS X Server and OS X Server, is the server edition of Mac OS X developed by Apple Inc. It is based on the BSD-Unix derived operating system Apple Computer that acquired from NeXT to form the basis of AppleShare services provided server applications such as file and printer sharing and user management.

Product history

Mac OS X Server 1.0 Install disc

The first version of Mac OS X Server, released on March 16, 1999 and dubbed "1.0" was a hybrid of OPENSTEP from NeXT Computer and Mac OS 8.6. The GUI looked more like OPENSTEP did, with an emulation layer for running legacy Mac OS 8.6 based applications. WebObjects was included with the server package.

Beginning with version 10.0 of Mac OS X Server released May 21, 2001, the server version and the standard version are nearly identical. Mac OS X Server mainly adds server management software—web, mail, and user services. Most of OS X Server's services are based on standard BSD tools, e.g., the Apache web server; Mac OS X Server adds a GUI interface to these services. An exception, however, are User services, which are based on (NeXT's) NetInfo.

Version 10.3 (released August 2003) of OS X Server presented a mature, fully featured server environment. User and file management are provided via Open Directory, an LDAP compatible server architecture. The new Workgroup Manager interface improves configuration significantly. Many common network services are provided such as NTP, SNMP, Web Server, Mail Server, LDAP, AppleTalk, Print Server. The inclusion of SAMBA version 3 allows tight integration with Windows clients and servers. MySQL v4.0.16 and PHP v4.3.7 are also included.

Starting with version 10.7, OS X Server became available as a downloadable update to Mac OS X, adding extra server features lacking in the Client version of the OS.  This is mostly the configuration interface, as the back-end services mostly included in OS X proper.

It is important to note that each point release of Server is its own product. Unlike the client OS, a network needs to standardize on a single 1.x/10.x version of Server, as the different versions are not completely interoperable via the networked management interface.  This is especially the case after 10.7, where the computer requires the appropriate base 10.x installation before the Server package can be purchased and added to it.

Release history

Mac OS X Server 1.x (Hera / Rhapsody)

1999 Mac OS X Server 1.2v3 (Rhapsody)

  • Mac OS X Server 1.0 (March 16, 1999)
  • Mac OS X Server 1.0-1 (April 15, 1999)
  • Mac OS X Server 1.0-2 (July 29, 1999)
  • Mac OS X Server 1.1 - 1.1 is a mis-labelling but contains the same content as 1.0-2. The next release was cranked to 1.2 to avoid confusion
  • Mac OS X Server 1.2 (January 14, 2000)
  • Mac OS X Server 1.2v3 (October 27, 2000) - Same as 1.2, but adds support for both the Gigabit Ethernet edition of the G4 and the first eMacs.

Mac OS X Server 10.0 (Cheetah)

2001 Mac OS X Server 10.0.4 (Cheetah)

  • Mac OS X Server 10.0.0 (May 21, 2001)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.0.1
  • Mac OS X Server 10.0.2
  • Mac OS X Server 10.0.3
  • Mac OS X Server 10.0.4 (July 3, 2001) - Still reports as 10.0.3 after the 10.0.4 update is applied.

Mac OS X Server 10.1 (Puma)

2001-2 Mac OS X 10.1.5 Server (Puma)

  • Mac OS X Server 10.1.0 (September 25, 2001)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.1.1 (November 20, 2001)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.1.2 (January 17, 2002)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.1.3 (February 19, 2002)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.1.4 (April 17, 2002)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.1.5 (July 15, 2002)

Mac OS X Server 10.2 (Jaguar)

2002-3 Mac OS X 10.2.4 Server (Jaguar)

  • Mac OS X Server 10.2.0 (August 23, 2002)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.2.1 (September 18, 2002)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.2.2 (November 11, 2002)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.2.3 (December 19, 2002)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.2.4 (February 24, 2003)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.2.5 (April 2, 2003)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.2.6 (May 8, 2003)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.2.8 (October 10, 2003)

Mac OS X Server 10.3 (Panther)

2003-5 Mac OS X 10.3.9 Server (Panther)

  • Mac OS X Server 10.3.0 (October 24, 2003)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.3.1 (November 10, 2003)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.3.2 (December 19, 2003)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.3.3 (March 15, 2004)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.3.4 (May 26, 2004)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.3.5 (August 9, 2004)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.3.6 (November 5, 2004)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.3.7 (December 15, 2004)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.3.8 (January 7, 2005)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.3.9 (April 15, 2005)

Mac OS X Server 10.4 (Tiger)

2005-7 Mac OS X 10.4.11 Server (Tiger) (Intel)

  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.0 PPC (April 29, 2005)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.1 PPC (May 19, 2005)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.2 PPC (July 12, 2005)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.3 PPC (October 31, 2005)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.4 PPC (January 10, 2006)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.5 PPC / Intel (February 14, 2006)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.6 PPC / Intel (April 3, 2006)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.7 PPC / Intel (June 27, 2006)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.8 PPC / Intel (September 29, 2006)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.9 PPC / Intel (March 13, 2007)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.10 PPC / Intel (June 20, 2007)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.4.11 PPC / Intel (November 14, 2007)

Mac OS X Server 10.5 (Leopard)

2007-9 Mac OS X 10.5.8 Server (Leopard) (Intel)

  • Mac OS X Server 10.5.0 PPC G4+ / Intel (October 26, 2007)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.5.1 PPC G4+ / Intel (November 15, 2007)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.5.2 PPC G4+ / Intel (February 11, 2008)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.5.3 PPC G4+ / Intel (May 28, 2008)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.5.4 PPC G4+ / Intel (June 30, 2008)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.5.5 PPC G4+ / Intel (September 15, 2008)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.5.6 PPC G4+ / Intel (December 15, 2008)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.5.7 PPC G4+ / Intel (May 12, 2009)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.5.8 PPC G4+ / Intel (August 31, 2009)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.5.8 2010-007 Intel (July 2010)

Mac OS X Server 10.6 (Snow Leopard)

2009-11 Mac OS X 10.6.8 Server (Snow Leopard)

  • Mac OS X Server 10.6.0 Intel with Rosetta (August 28, 2009)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.6.1 Intel with Rosetta (September 10, 2009)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.6.2 Intel with Rosetta (November 9, 2009)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.6.3 Intel with Rosetta (March 29, 2010)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.6.4 Intel with Rosetta (August 16, 2010)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.6.5 Intel with Rosetta (November 15, 2010)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.6.6 Intel with Rosetta (January 6, 2011)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.6.7 Intel with Rosetta (March 21, 2011)
  • Mac OS X Server 10.6.8 Intel with Rosetta (July 25, 2011)

From 10.7 onward, Server updates are part of the Client update cycle.

OS X Server 10.7 (Lion)

  • Mac OS X Lion Server – 10.7 – also marketed as OS X Lion Server (2011-2012)

OS X Server 10.8 (Mountain Lion)

  • OS X Mountain Lion Server – 10.8 – also marketed as Mountain Lion Server 2.0-2.2.2 (2012-2013)

OS X Server 10.9 (Mavericks)

  • OS X Mavericks Server – 10.9 – also marketed as Mavericks Server 3.x (2013-2014)

OS X Server 10.10 (Yosemite)

  • OS X Yosemite Server – 10.10 – also marketed as Yosemite Server 4.x (2014-2015)

OS X Server 10.11 (El Capitan)

  • OS X 10.11 Server 5.0 – also marketed as OS X Server 5.0 (2015)
  • OS X 10.11 Server 5.1 – also marketed as OS X Server 5.1 (2016)

macOS Server 10.12 (Sierra)

  • macOS 10.12 Server 5.2 – also marketed as macOS Server 5.2 (2016)
  • macOS 10.12 Server 5.3 – also marketed as macOS Server 5.3 (2017)

macOS Server 10.13 (High Sierra)

  • macOS 10.13 Server 5.4 – also marketed as macOS Server 5.4 (2017)
  • macOS 10.13 Server 5.5 – also marketed as macOS Server 5.5 (2018)
  • macOS 10.13 Server 5.6 - also marketed as macOS Server 5.6 (2018)

From Server 5.7.1 onward, Open Source services are no longer provided with the Server app, but need to be installed from the original provider.

macOS Server 10.14 (Mojave)

  • macOS 10.14 Server 5.7 - also marketed as macOS Server 5.7 (2018)

Release notes

Mac OS X Server 1.X

Mac OS X Server 10.0

Mac OS X Server 10.1

Mac OS X Server 10.2

Mac OS X Server 10.3

Mac OS X Server 10.4

Mac OS X Server 10.5

Mac OS X Server 10.6

OS X Server 10.7

OS X Server 10.8 (Server 2)

OS X Server 10.9 (Server 3)

OS X Server 10.10 (Server 4)

OS X Server 10.11 (Server 5)

macOS Server 5

References

External Links

Mac OS X.png   Mac OS X / macOS versions
Mac OS X Server : Server 1 (Rhapsody / Hera)
Mac OS X Developer Preview : DP1 | DP2 | DP3 | DP4
Mac OS X Public Beta : Public Beta (Kodiak)
Mac OS X 10.0 (Cheetah) : 10.0.0 | 10.0.1 | 10.0.2 | 10.0.3 | 10.0.4
Mac OS X 10.1 (Puma) : 10.1.0 | 10.1.1 | 10.1.2 | 10.1.3 | 10.1.4 | 10.1.5
Mac OS X 10.2 (Jaguar) : 10.2.0 | 10.2.1 | 10.2.2 | 10.2.3 | 10.2.4 | 10.2.5 | 10.2.6 | 10.2.7 | 10.2.8 (6R73) · 10.2.8 (G5)
Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther) : 10.3.0 | 10.3.1 | 10.3.2 | 10.3.3 | 10.3.4 | 10.3.5 | 10.3.6 | 10.3.7 | 10.3.8 | 10.3.9
Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger) : 10.4.0 | 10.4.1 | 10.4.2 | 10.4.3 | 10.4.4 | 10.4.5 | 10.4.6 | 10.4.7 | 10.4.8 | 10.4.9 | 10.4.10 | 10.4.11
Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) : 10.5.0 | 10.5.1 | 10.5.2 | 10.5.3 | 10.5.4 | 10.5.5 | 10.5.6 | 10.5.7 | 10.5.8
  Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard) : 10.6.0 | 10.6.1 | 10.6.2 | 10.6.3 | 10.6.4 | 10.6.5 | 10.6.6 | 10.6.7 | 10.6.8
Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion) : 10.7.0 | 10.7.1 | 10.7.2 | 10.7.3 | 10.7.4 | 10.7.5
  Mac OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion) : 10.8.0 | 10.8.1 | 10.8.2 | 10.8.3 | 10.8.4 | 10.8.5
OS X 10.9 (Mavericks) : 10.9.0 | 10.9.1 | 10.9.2 | 10.9.3 | 10.9.4 | 10.9.5
OS X 10.10 (Yosemite) : 10.10.0 | 10.10.1 | 10.10.2 | 10.10.3 | 10.10.4 | 10.10.5
OS X 10.11 (El Capitan) : 10.11.0 | 10.11.1 | 10.11.2 | 10.11.3 | 10.11.4 | 10.11.5 | 10.11.6
macOS 10.12 (Sierra) : 10.12.0 | 10.12.1 | 10.12.2 | 10.12.3 | 10.12.4 | 10.12.5 | 10.12.6
macOS 10.13 (High Sierra) : 10.13.0 | 10.13.1 | 10.13.2 | 10.13.3 | 10.13.4 | 10.13.5 | 10.13.6
macOS 10.14 (Mojave) : 10.14.0 | 10.14.1 | 10.14.2 | 10.14.3 | 10.14.4 | 10.14.5 | 10.14.6
macOS 10.15 (Catalina) : 10.15.0 | 10.15.1 | 10.15.2 | 10.15.3 | 10.15.4 | 10.15.5 | 10.15.6 | 10.15.7
macOS 11 (Big Sur) : 11.0 | 11.0.1
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