QuickTime is the default video player and multimedia framework included with all Macs. It can handle various formats of sound, video, picture, panoramic images, and interactivity. Under Mac OS X, it is also a framework under the Cocoa API that allows video playback in third-party applications without separate codecs. A version of QuickTime had also been available for Microsoft Windows.
QuickTime 1.0, codenamed "Warhol", was originally released for Macintosh System 6 on December 2, 1991. Adobe Premiere 1.0 had also been in simultaneous development by Randy Ubillos and was one of the first QuickTime-based video editors on the market.
Apple released QuickTime 2.0 for System 7 in June 1994, the only commercial version that was not freely released. Version 2.5 was released on July 22, 1996 with new MIDI support. In March 1998, version 3.0 introduced QuickTime Pro features, which could be unlocked with a registration code.
QuickTime MPEG Extension
On January 24, 1997, Apple released the QuickTime MPEG Extension for QuickTime 2.5 and later, which allowed playback of MPEG-1 video on Power Macintosh computers without the need for additional dedicated hardware, such as the Apple MPEG Media System card.
QuickTime Musical Instruments
QuickTime VR allowed for 360-degree navigation in multimedia titles.
Mac OS X
Apple continued its development of QuickTime Pro features for high-end media users as a paid upgrade to the free QuickTime base installation. Codecs released exclusively for Mac OS X included Apple Intermediate and ProRes for its Final Cut Pro users. Real-time server support was provided by QuickTime Streaming Server, a service daemon for Mac OS X Server through version 10.6.8.
QuickTime 7 introduced QTKit in April 2006 as a new 64-bit framework in the transition leading up to QuickTime X. Classic QuickTime (pre-X) and QTKit have since been deprecated in favor of AVFoundation and AVKit, which originated on Apple's iOS platform and have now become the default media framework for macOS.
Apple discontinued QuickTime development for Windows since version 7.7.9, leading the U.S. Computer Emergency Readiness Team to recommend the removal of obsolete versions of QuickTime from Windows computers due to the lack of future security updates. Adobe discontinued support for the classic 32-bit versions of QuickTime and its legacy formats since April 2018 and ported the ProRes codecs of QuickTime X to support its Windows apps.
- Today in Apple history: QuickTime brings video to the masses by Luke Dormehl, Cult of Mac. 2020-12-02.
- VideoSpigot Review by Jon Pugh, TidBITS. 1992-04-20.
- Apple finally released QuickTime 2.5! by Judith L. Stern and Robert Lettieri, Little QuickTime Page. 1996-07-22.
- Apple finally released QuickTime 3.0! by Judith L. Stern and Robert Lettieri, Little QuickTime Page. 1998-03-30.
- Happy birthday, Apple QuickTime by Tony Smith, The Register. 2011-12-02.
- Press Release: Apple Introduces High-Quality MPEG Software for QuickTime by Jonathan Hirshon, Apple Computer. 1997-01-24. Archived 1998-12-02.
- QuickTime gets extension: MPEG-enhanced playback possible by Ed Scannell, InfoWorld. 1997-02-03.
- Apple Easter Eggs: QuickTime by David K. Every & Daniel Fanton, MacKido. 2002-11-09.
- Download Quicktime 6.0.3, Old Apps. 2003-04-25.
- QuickTime 6.0.3 for Mac, Apple Computer. 2005-01-28. Archived 2005-04-29.
- Final Cut Pro 5: About HDV and the Apple Intermediate Codec, Apple Computer. 2005-05-09. Archived 2007-04-27.
- Apple Unveils Final Cut Studio 2, Apple. 2007-04-15.
- Apple ProRes 422 Codec Family, U.S. Library of Congress. 2014-11-17.
- Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard: the Ars Technica review - QuickTime X by John Siracusa, Ars Technica. 2009-08-31.
- Exploring AV Foundation, Apple Worldwide Developers Conference, 2011. Accessed 2019-02-05.
- Transitioning QTKit Code to AV Foundation, Apple Developer Documentation Archive. 2013-05-28. Accessed 2019-02-05.
- Moving to AV Kit and AV Foundation by Sam Bushell, Apple Worldwide Developers Conference, 2013. Accessed 2019-02-05.
- Download QuickTime 7.7.9 for Windows, Apple. 2016-01-07.
- QuickTime on Windows by the Creative Cloud Team, Adobe Blog. 2016-04-16.
- Dropped support for QuickTime 7 era formats and codecs, Adobe. 2019-10-14.
- This Is Huge: Adobe Now Supports ProRes Export on Windows by Oliver Kmia, Fstoppers (2018-12-14)
- QuickTime at Apple (archived 2016-04-20, 1996-12-19)
- QuickTime Player User Guide at Apple Support
- QuickTime 7 (archived 2005-05-07)
- About QuickTime 7 compatibility (2020-07-28)
- QuickTime 6, 6.4, 6.5 (archived 2002-07-16, 2003-12-02, 2003-23)
- QuickTime 5 (archived 2001-05-01)
- QuickTime 4, 4.1 (archived 1999-09-08, 2000-03-01)
- QuickTime 3 (archived 1998-04-29)
- QuickTime 2.5 download (archived 1997-12-10, 1996-12-19)
- QuickTime Conferencing (archived 1996-10-22)
- QuickTime IC for image capture (archived 1998-01-09)
- QuickTime VR (archived 1999-01-16, 1997-03-30)
- AVFoundation and AVKit at Apple Developer
- Archives | News Index at Judy and Robert's Little QuickTime Page
- QuickTime at the Adobe Wiki
- QuickTime for Windows at the Microsoft Wiki
- QuickTime at the Pippin @WORLD & Atmark Wiki
- QuickTime at Wikipedia
- QuickTime and the Rise of Multimedia by Hansen Hsu at the Computer History Museum (2018-03-30)