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TCP/IP, short for Transmission Control Protocol over Internet Protocol, is the de facto standard Ethernet protocol introduced in 4.2BSD Unix and now widely used by various operating systems.

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TCP/IP was developed by DARPA for internetworking and encompasses both network layer and transport layer protocols. While TCP and IP specify two protocols at specific protocol layers, TCP/IP is often used to refer to the entire DoD protocol suite based upon these, including telnet, FTP, UDP and RDP.[1]

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