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Apple Wiki

The Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) is credited with pioneering the fusion of technologies of a raster display, mouse, and keyboard into an early graphical user interface (GUI) that would influence the development of modern personal computers.

Influence on Apple development


PARC scientist Larry Tesler recalls Jobs' famous Xerox visits

Prior to the launch of the Apple Lisa and Macintosh, Steve Jobs was allowed to bring engineers from Apple Computer to the PARC facilities to learn about UI innovations in the Xerox Alto system. Larry Tesler, who provided the tour, was among Xerox employees who later joined Apple.[1]


  1. John Markoff (February 20, 2020). Lawrence Tesler, Pioneer of Personal Computing, Dies at 74. The New York Times.


  • Fumbling the Future: How Xerox Invented, Then Ignored, the First Personal Computer by Robert C. Alexander and Douglas K. Smith, iUniverse. 1999-06. ISBN 1583482660.
  • Dealers of Lightning: Xerox PARC and the Dawn of the Computer Age by Michael A. Hiltzik, Harper Business. 2000-04-05. ISBN 0887309895.

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